Before you begin the process of setting up your aquarium, you need to be sure you are fully prepared with the necessary tools and equipment readily available.
You also need to be sure of how you want the aquarium to look like when the setup is finished. It is important too to choose where you want to place the tank carefully. Ensure it is a level, hard surface and it can support the filled weight of the tank. Slanted surfaces can result in an imbalance and eventually crack the tank glass.
The aquarium rocks, gravel, and ornaments must be thoroughly washed with warm water before they are added to the tank. Never use detergents or soap as they are very toxic to fish.
Instead put the gravel in a colander over a bucket or pan, add water, and stir the gravel, drain the water, and repeat this process until the water remains clear and free of any debris.
After adding the gravels, fill your fish tank to about one-third full with water at room temperature.
It may be ideal to place a plate or saucer on the gravel before pouring water to ensure the gravel remains in its place.
If you are purchasing a new tank with a brand name, there would almost certainly be no leakages.
However, you would do well to be very sure about this before setting up your aquarium in your desired location. To make sure of this, select a dry area, cover the area with newspapers, and place your tank (with water) on the newspapers.
If the papers are wet, there is definitely leakage – and this is a problem. If you have confirmed there are no leaks, clean the interior and place the tank on the aquarium stand in your desired permanent location.
You may also apply a material at the background of the tank when you are done with the setup as fish generally feel more secure when the sides are covered. When this is done, you can now install the filtration system.
Connect the air tubing system from the aquarium air pump to the air outlets and you could make use of an aquarium check valve to achieve this.
Since the air tubes are usually designed to fit very tall tanks, it would be ideal to cut them to fit the size of your aquarium.
If you must cut them, it is best to do so in such a way that the top of the tube will be just below the water surface when the tank is full. The air tubing system will help you safely locate the air pump and prevents water from going back and forth in your aquarium when there is power outage.
You could also add live plants to your aquarium so long as the water is warm enough for them to thrive. The roots should be planted gently just underneath the surface of the gravel while the crown (if any) is exposed.
When you are done with this, you are ready to add the remaining water, set up the filtration system and “cycle” your new fish tank.